## Predicate Logic – Discrete Mathematics

Predicate logic is a developed version of proportional logic. Instead of sticking to statements, it uses quantifiers and predicates which are parts of the statements.

Predicate logic is a developed version of proportional logic. Instead of sticking to statements, it uses quantifiers and predicates which are parts of the statements.

The complex eigenvalues are eigenvalues that are involved with complex numbers. To understand the complex eigenvalues, you need to have a clear understanding of eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Eigenvalue, Eigenvector and Eigenfuction The eigenvector of a square matrix is a vector that does not change its direction under associated linear transformation. If y V is a … Read more

If the real part of a complex function is harmonic, then there exists a harmonic imaginary part, so that the function is analytic. The imaginary part is known as the harmonic conjugate of the real part. In other words, the harmonic conjugate to a real valued function is an imaginary function, such that the whole … Read more

The first thing we need to understand is why are Cauchy-Riemann (CR) Equations? What is the use of them? It’s an analysis to understand whether a complex function is complex differentiable or not in complex analysis. Cauchy-Riemann Equations states that a complex function is differentiable if it satisfies the equations on a domain in the … Read more

Limits is all about the output function, if x is really close to a limiting number, infinity or zero.Limits are used when when we want to evaluate a function at a particular value, but can’t substitute the value in straight because the formula “blows up”. You have to do something to the formula first. There … Read more