Limits is all about the output function, if x is really close to a limiting number, infinity or zero.

Limits are used when when we want to evaluate a function at a particular value, but can’t substitute the value in straight because the formula “blows up”. You have to do something to the formula first.

There are few types of limits….

**Type 1:** In first type we take an equation with a variable x, and see what number it approaches at it reaches infinity. A simple one is 1/x. As x gets closer to infinity, it gets closer and closer to a value of zero, but it will never actually be zero.

**Type 2: **The other type of limit is the limit of a sum or integral of an equation as x goes from a to b where either a or b or both are infinity. Obviously something like the limit of the sum of 1 + x from 0 to infinity does not have a limit as 1+x keeps getting larger. But some equations do decrease as x gets higher than value and some of those would decrease enough that the upper limit of that sum will approach a value, but never reach it.

## Basic Facts

### When does a formula “Blow Up”?

X/0, when you have to **divide a value from zero**.

0/0, when you have to **divide zero by zero**.

### Sides of Limits

There are two sides of limits known as left-hand limits and right-hand limits.

### When does a limit not exist?

- When the left-and right-hand limits aren’t equal (resulting in a discontinuity in the function).
- When a function increases or decreases infinitely (“without bound”) as it approaches a given x-value.
- In the cases of infinite oscillation when approaching a fixed point

### Approaching Infinity

**1/∞** is undefined. But we can still approach to a value.

Categories Engineering Mathematics